You may be wondering what the causes of cat eye infection are. Well cats are naturally curious creatures so they shove their nose everywhere, as well as the rest of their face.
They also have sensitive eyes, so when they wink and show strange facial expressions, it can either be something basic that will go away on its own, such as a scratch near the eye, or something similar you can’t really notice, or it can be a sign of something more serious.
If there isn’t any physical damage to the eye, there is a good chance your cat has eye infection of some sort. Take your cat to the vet to make sure it’s a simple infection or possibly something more complex.
Welcome to our complete guide to cat eye infection treatment. Looking at the causes of cat eye infections, best way to help your kitty when she has sore eyes, and answering your top questions like ‘can you use human eye drops on cats?’
So let’s find out more about cat eye infections and possible treatment options.
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Cats are less likely to suffer from eye problems than dogs are because a lot of cats spend most of their lives indoors and are less likely to come into contact with other animals.
However, if your cat does spend a lot of their time outdoors then they have the same risk of developing an eye infection.
This is because eye infections can be easily spread by close contact with other infected animals.
Some eye problems sort themselves out within a few days and can be treated by simple home remedies and/or cleaning routines. But others are more serious and should be looked at by a vet.
Either way, it’s a good idea to get your vet to check over your cat’s eyes if they seem at all unwell.
Whilst some of conditions can be fairly obvious, others may go unchecked until they start causing severe problems.
Untreated eye infections can result in vision impairment or even blindness if left untreated for too long, so it’s a good idea to regularly check your cats eyes to make sure everything is okay.
Things that you should look out for include:
Consider giving your cat regular eye exams.
This doesn’t have to be time consuming or strenuous. All you have to do is take your cat into a brightly lit room. Then kneel down to her level and gaze into her eyes.
Your cat’s eyes should be bright. The area around our cat’s eyeball should be white. Both pupils should be the same size.
If you notice anything unusual then gently push your cat’s eyelid down to check the inner lining of your cat’s eye.
Your cat’s eyes should be clear. There should be no signs of swelling and both pupils should be the same size. In addition there should not be any cloudiness in either eye.
Your cat may have a bit of sleep in the corner of their eye. That is nothing to worry about, but it shouldn’t be excessive.
Before taking any action let’s see what’s wrong with your cat.
When your cat has an eye infection, you will notice the following symptoms:
If the cat winks at you, don’t dismiss it as something cute or unimportant. Take a closer look. Cats are quite good at hiding any discomfort, so you’ll hardly hear them complain. If the whites of the cat’s eye have turned red it could be one of the symptoms of an infection.
Inflammation of the eye is one of the main sign of an infection. Pain, excessive tearing and photo-sensitivity can be one of the symptoms as well.
Ocular discharge may be present due to the eye attempting to protect itself from an infection. With bacterial infections, the discharge sometimes glues the eyelid shut. The infection can be sometimes spread out to other systems, so cats sometimes display symptoms of respiratory infections as well as sneezing or nasal discharge.
Crusty eyes are usually a sign of a viral infection and should be treated with antibiotics.
A general sign of illness is the third eyelid covering a part of the eye. It’s hardly visible and can only be seen while a cat is sleeping or is in fact ill.
If your cat has an eye infection, you might want to take to the vet before you start any diagnosis yourself, but you probably figured that one out on your own.
The vet will most likely examine the eye for its general health, for signs of any trauma and possibly detect any other infection related to the eye.
If any serious problems are detected, testing and blood work can be made to make sure that there is not a larger problem that needs to be taken care of. There is a large variety of problems that can be present, big and small, and so is the amount of medicine available.
The vet will establish what the issue is and prescribe the correct medication. It’s the most effective step to help your cat.
If your cat has a simple eye infection then it’s fairly easy to manage. If it’s a bacterial infection, the vet will prescribe antibiotics.
The proper treatment usually involves some form of prescribed ointment or drops for the eyes. While this approach is usually effective, veterinarians usually recommend some basic antibiotics just to be on the safe side.
It’s important to remember that any symptoms your cat displays can be linked to a variety of disease so only get the medication if you’re absolutely certain of what you’re doing.
Don’t treat your cat with any leftover medicine. You might be treating your cat for a problem it doesn’t really have. Always consult a veterinarian before you try being one yourself.
There are two general types of infection. Viral and bacterial. Viruses are usually unaffected by antibiotics and that’s why ointments and drops are prescribed. Both bacterial and viral infections are usually present in cats that have a weakened immune system. Usually with young cats as well as cats that are exposed to stress, such as shelters or other high-stress environments, though any cat has a chance to be affected.
With cats that have a stable health and environment, the sudden onset of an eye infection may indicate that there is a disease in question and that the eye infection is only one of the symptoms of the diseases. Trauma to the eye, autoimmune diseases, cancer or other infections such as Feline leukemia or Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) could be present.
Apply a warm washcloth to get rid of the discharge from the eye. You may also use baby wipes or anything similar that you think can help. If it’s an infection of the inner or the inner eye membrane (conjuctivitis) which affects most strays and cats that like to be out all the time, it’s best to apply a salve such as tetracycline salve to the eyes.
They are small tubes of ointment that can be bought from the vet store for up to 20 dollars or so. There are other salves available as well.
If it’s an irritation of the eye, it will pass on its own eventually, however if you want to speed up the process you can clean the cat’s eye by putting a drop or two of milk in them. It relieves irritation generally and helps clear the eyes, both for cats and humans. You can also use tea.
If you suspect a viral infection you should get food containing the amino acid L-lysine. It’s usually available in most health and food pet stores.
Using human eye drops isn’t recommended because they vary in strength. Some can be used on cats but don’t use the ones you have unless you’re 100% certain they’re appropriate. Most eye drops contain boric acid.
Boric acid powder can be found1 in most pharmacies. Boil 200ml of water and add one table spoon of boric acid. Let it cool down a bit and when it’s still slightly warm, apply two drops to each eye using a syringe or an eye dropper. You can use a cloth or a cotton ball to clean the area around the eyes.
Apply the drops twice a day. The eyes should start clearing up in a day or two of treatment. In case the eyes are glued shut, you won’t be able to apply the solution so get some medication first.
If your cat has dry eyes, then you should consider buying an eye gel and then apply to your pet.
Kitten eye infection often results from a weak immune system. Your cat or kitten should have a well-balanced diet consisting of great amounts of protein taken from quality sources. It is also very important that you always maintain a clean environment for your pet.
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|Puralube Vet Ointment - 1/8 oz tube - Sterile Ocular Lubricant by Pharmaderm|
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|i-Drop Vet GEL, 10ml Bottle by I-Med Pharma|
Keratitis is the medical term for an inflammation of the cornea.
This inflammation may come as a result of old age, but it can also affect cats over the age of four.
Keratitis can also be a result of the herpes virus.
If you suspect that your cat is suffering from keratitis, consult your veterinarian for more information and a formal diagnosis.
Third eyelid protrusion, as the name suggests, refers to the abnormal elevation of the cats inner eyelid.
This ‘third eyelid’ is normally barely visible, but various disorders can result in the protrusion of the inner eyelid.
This condition can be caused by various things including the loss of function of the nerve supply, weakening of the ligaments, tumours or inflammatory disease, dehydration, weight loss and abnormally small eyes.
As well as an abnormal protrusion of the ‘third eyelid’, you may also notice your cat squinting, their pupil size changing, and other discolouration or deformities in the eye.
This is a condition which normally affects older and/or diabetic cats. It is characterised by an opacity/cloudiness of the lens of the of the eye.
Symptoms may include a visible ‘ice-blue coloured chip’ in one or both eyes, cloudy spots in the pupil of one or both eyes, changes in vision, squinting, watery eyes, and changes in pupil size or shape.
If you suspect that your cat has cataracts, consult your vet for further advice and treatment.
Eye displacement is a condition which makes a cat’s eye protrude from its eye socket.
This distressing condition is normally the result of an accident or trauma to that area, but in rare cases it could also be caused by a tumour or serious infection.
It is normally pretty easy to spot as it is very noticeable.
It is important that you seek help as soon as possible if you suspect your cat is suffering from cherry eye as it could result in vision damage and is very distressing to your pet.
Uveitis is a fairly frequent and debilitating disease that, if left untreated, can Cause blindness.
It is an inflammation of the uveal tract, That is the part of the eye that Contains the iris, the choroid, and the ciliary body.
Frequent symptoms of uveitis include sensitivity to light, third eyelid Protrusion, redness in the eye, changes in pupil size, and a shift in iris color
We do not understand what causes each instance of uveitis. Actually 6 from 10 instances Never have a recognized cause, however, we do understand that when the origin is identified, it is normally infection, injury, and even cancer.
Only a vet may officially diagnose uveitis, so if You are worried it is Important that you take your pet to determine the vet as soon as possible.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva region of the eye; i.e., The moist tissue lining of the eyebrow. Conjunctivitis is the most common eye disease that a cat may suffer with.
This illness can be Brought on by an irritation of the conjunctiva as an Outcome Of viruses, parasites or bacteria. Cats, similar to people, can suffer from Chlamydia and herpes, and both of these conditions can lead to eye infections.
Your cat’s conjunctivitis might also be because of allergies. If your vet Suspects that this is true they need to be able to discover out this rather quickly, and if so, the issue needs to improve when the allergen is removed.
Your cat may be allergic to a particular food, they Might Have hay fever, or it Could be a consequence of being around dust, smoke or substances.
Conjunctivitis can also be caused by injury, i.e., as a consequence of an injury. Conjunctivitis may also be brought on by a bad immune system or an underlying disorder, but this is much rarer than some of those other choices.
Pure-bred cats are more likely to develop conjunctivitis, however, this Does not indicate that additional cats are resistant.
Among the most Frequent signs of conjunctivitis is an observable redness and Swelling round the cats’ conjunctiva.
You may also notice an odd discharge from one or both of your cats’ eyes. This release may be apparent in color, or it might be yellow or green. The release could be either thick or watery in consistency.
Conjunctivitis can be painful for your cat, so keep an eye out for your Feline buddy rubbing their eyes from items (like your thighs) and other indications of distress.
Should you see your cat squinting or blinking too, or if they have a Fluid develop in one or both eyes, and then that may also be an indication of conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis can affect one or both eyes at precisely the same moment.
Cats Frequently Have a bit of gloop in their own eyes (particularly if they have only Woken up and have not cleaned themselves nevertheless) and this may be normal.
However, this discharge is also an Indication of conjunctivitis in case your cat Also seems to get inflamed and swollen eyes. This eye discharge may be apparent, but it might also be yellow or green.
This release should be lightly washed away with a moist cotton wool ball.
Use new cotton wool every moment, and utilize a distinct cotton wool bud to every eye.
It is fairly normal for a kittens eyes to find gummed closed by eye release. Kittens have weaker immune systems, and also filthy environment can play havoc with their eyes.
If your kitten’s eyes have been gummed closed it is so important that you maintain Cleaning them. This is because the disease could lead to blindness if it is left alone.
When the cat’s eyelids are gummed closed, you should use a moist cotton wool ball That was washed in both cold and boiled water (so it is a mild temperature) to keep wiping away the discharge and make use of your finger and thumb to gently attempt to pry the cats’ eyes open.
Let’s have a look at cat eye disease therapy. Scroll down to locate The reply to the top question -Would you utilize human eye drops on cats?
The Kind of therapy you use will depend on What Kind of attention Disease your furry friend has. Mild types of conjunctivitis can clear up on their own with no assistance from a vet. You may try cleaning their attention using a diluted solution made out of boric acid.
Do you believe that your cat might be suffering from a severe eye disease? Has this disease lasted for more than 24 hours without an indication of improving? Then it is important that you take them to the vet.
Your veterinarian will likely prescribe eye drops or ointment to your furry friend. The Treatment should just have a few weeks to work, and you need to start seeing improvements rather fast.
If your cats’ illness has not improved after a Couple of weeks, your veterinarian will Need to test for any underlying problems. This will entail your furry friend taking a swab from the infected place for further investigation. They might also have to have a blood test to rule out other causes.
You can not fully protect your cat from conjunctivitis, but you will find Some steps you can take to lower the risk.
Cats may move the pink eye to every other via direct contact, so it is a Very good idea to restrict their contact with strays or alternative pets that are infected.
Additionally, There Are some vaccinations that can minimise the risk of your cat developing conjunctivitis. Some eye infections may be brought on by chlamydia or even the flu, so make your cat vaccinated to protect against these ailments.
It is a Fantastic idea to Make Sure your cats’ eyes stay clean to Prevent any unnecessary infections. Attempt to make a habit of wiping the outside region around your cat’s attention, keep a look out for any debris that may be lurking round the cat’s eye, and also retain any long hair trimmed round the eye region to prevent irritation.
Please bear in mind that cats may infect individuals with their attention issues.
This is normally Brought on by direct contact between yourself and the infected Part of your cat, so never touch your own eyes once you are connected with your cat’s eyes.
Wash your hands after contact, and also avoid instant contact with additional Relatives and friends once you have tended into a cat. Be certain that everybody in the family follows those tips to stop the potential spread of disease.
Should you use an over the counter treatment in your cat, then you should Begin seeing Improvements within a single day. If your cat’s conjunctivitis persists (or becoming worse), then you will have to take them to understand your vet.
Prescribed medications like eye drops or lotions may take a week or two To cure the disease, but you ought to begin seeing improvements before then. If your cat’s illness does not improve (or even if it becomes worse) then there can be an underlying issue which has to be dealt with.
Most cases of conjunctivitis in cats may be treated with eye drops, Antibiotic lotions and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Cats do not typically enjoy things being placed in their own eyes, therefore giving your cat Eye drops may be somewhat difficult. You will have to thoroughly control your cat in a sense that is gentle, business and lower your danger of being bitten or scratched.
It should go without saying, but until you give your cat any Medication, you will have to read the directions first to be certain to understand the dose and how it needs to be implemented.
If your cat gets discharge coming from the eyes, then this Will Have to be Cleared using a sterile eyewash solution before going ahead with all the eye drops.
When You are ready to give your cat the eye drops, then you will first Need to Gently control the cat to create the entire process simpler and safer for the two of you. Wrap up your cat in a comfy blanket or towel, so just the head is sticking out.
To Be Able to prevent your cat working out, You Might Need to hold them involving Your knees in a seated posture.
Use one of your hands to maintain the cat’s eye available. You should use your Non-dominant hand to your cats go as you are going to need a steady hand to correctly administer the eye drops.
Put your hands under your cat’s chin so that your thumb is on one side of this Face and the palms are on the opposite. Your cat’s hands ought to be cradled softly but firmly on your non-dominant hand. Gently lean your cat’s head slightly upward.
Use your thumb to gently pull down your cat’s lower eyelid to make a little Pouch that you may shed the alternative into.
Set the applicator right up near your cat’s attention (approximately one inch off), But be sure to don’t postpone your cat at the eye by error rather than only would this harm your cat but it would also contaminate the tip of the applicator.
Squeeze the bottle and then fall the required amount of solution to the Affected eye.
After you have administered the eye drops, then keep hold of this cat to get some Minutes longer to prevent them rubbing off the solution.
It is a Fantastic idea to feed your cat (or at least offer them a treat) following the Eye drops to divert them and set them in a much better mood.
Cat’s might not like eye drops. However, the eye drops should not cause pain or discomfort. Be certain that you inform your veterinarian if your cat appears to be in more pain after getting the eye drops.
Mild conjunctivitis in cats may be treated using a diluted solution of boric Acid that may be purchased over the counter at most pharmacies.
You need to know What’s causing your cats eye disease before committing them Medicine, therefore even if particular eye drops have functioned previously that does not mean they will work again.
While you Can Buy pet-friendly remedies and use them in your cat With no vet’s prescription, it is nonetheless a great idea to consult your veterinarian to be certain that this therapy is safe for the cat, especially if you have not used this particular therapy before.
So, do you utilize individual eye drops on cats?
Some eye drops are Acceptable for cats and people equally, but others might Contain preservatives which could harm your cats’ eyes.
It is not worth risking your cat’s vision by using your eye drops on Your cat as a dose or concentration that’s safe and effective for you might well be different than what’s safe and effective to the furry friend.
You Should not use human eye drops or alternative types of human eye medicine on Your kitty.
Do not attempt to treat a disease until you understand What’s causing it as that Can make matters worse and it may also create the disease more difficult to diagnose.
Always consult your vet before using fresh eye drops or alternative kinds of Medicine in your cat.